I hold a PhD in economics from Washington University, and currently work as a Professor of Economics in Winnipeg, Canada. My research areas are macroeconomics, development, and defence economics. I have been a Guest or Visiting Professor at the Central Bank of Brazil, University of Western Ontario , Duale Hochschule Baden-Württemberg in Germany, and the National Economics University in Vietnam. I serve on the executive of the Canadian Development Economics Study Group as well as the editorial boards of Defence and Peace Economics and the Journal of Economics, Race, and Policy. Prior to academia I held positions in the Accelerated Economist Program , as well as the Department of Finance , of the Canadian government.